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Mandatory Human Rights Due Diligence: From Legal Custom to Lawful Concern

This unique text explores the role of Canadian corporate law and the potential of soft law mechanisms such as codes of conduct in protecting the rights of workers in global supply chains.
Publication Language: English

Softcover | 142 pages

In Stock
Published: February 13, 2023
ISBN/ISSN: 9780433517825

Product description

Vanisha H. Sukdeo, an academic and author of this new publication, states in the introduction that the purpose of this book is to examine “how to improve corporate accountability by making corporations responsible for what happens along their supply chains … and how mandatory Human Rights Due Diligence could be implemented to improve the working conditions of … workers in foreign jurisdictions that are outside the reach of Canadian corporate law.”

Mandatory human rights due diligence (mHRDD) is a relatively new field of study; it has developed at the intersection of corporate law and international human rights. While articles have explored this topic, Sukdeo’s Mandatory Human Rights Due Diligence: From Legal Custom to Lawful Concern is the first book to examine it in detail.

The analysis in this volume covers a range of topics – from the 2020 Supreme Court of Canada decision in Nevsun Resources that imposed new obligations on Canadian corporations with global supply chains to international caselaw and recent legislative changes in Norway and Germany. Sukdeo also considers the role that soft law instruments like codes of conduct can play in the protection of the rights of workers. Case studies on the Rana Plaza disaster and the Hudson’s Bay Company provide additional context.

Written in a clear and straightforward manner, Mandatory Human Rights Due Diligence: From Legal Custom to Lawful Concern is an accessible resource that will be useful for lawyers who need to have an understanding of the evolving obligations of Canadian corporations with international supply chains as well as for business professionals who don’t have a legal background.

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Table of contents

Chapter 1: Introduction
§ 1.01 Background of the problem
§ 1.02 Purpose of the study
§ 1.03 Framework
§ 1.04 Other frameworks to acknowledge
§ 1.05 Definition of terms
§ 1.06 Contribution
§ 1.07 Research approach
§ 1.08 Shareholder-focused governance
§ 1.09 The divergent paths of corporate law and labour law
§ 1.10 Stakeholder theory
§ 1.11 Mandatory human rights due diligence (“mHRDD”)
§ 1.12 Modern slavery
§ 1.13 The intersection of CSR and workers’ interests

Chapter 2: Codes of Conduct
§ 2.01 Overview of companies with codes that have ties to the Rana Plaza disaster
§ 2.02 Comparison of the 10 codes of conduct
§ 2.03 ILO decent work framework

Chapter 3: Changes to Corporate Governance
§ 3.01 Expansion of fiduciary duties
§ 3.02 Summary of Peoples
§ 3.03 Summary of BCE
§ 3.04 Relevance of BCE
§ 3.05 Peoples, BCE and stakeholder theory
§ 3.06 CBCA and directors’ duties
§ 3.07 Corporate law beyond shareholders
§ 3.08 How has this recent caselaw impacted Canadian corporate law?
§ 3.09 The forgotten (or ignored) stakeholders

Chapter 4: New Caselaw
§ 4.01 Choc v. Hudbay Minerals Inc.
§ 4.02 Chevron Corp. v. Yaiguaje
§ 4.03 Das v. George Weston Ltd.
§ 4.04 Nevsun Resources Ltd. v. Araya
§ 4.05 What comes after Nevsun Resources?
§ 4.06 Canadian Ombudsperson for Responsible Enterprise
§ 4.07 Possible new amendments to the CBCA
§ 4.08 Foreign workers of Canadian companies
§ 4.09 United Nations Global Compact (“UNGC”)
§ 4.10 Mandatory human rights due diligence
§ 4.11 Codes as corporate reformation
§ 4.12 Governance
§ 4.13 International regulation

Chapter 5: Case Study on the Rana Plaza Disaster
§ 5.01 Introduction
§ 5.02 Background
§ 5.03 Who is bound by the code?
§ 5.04 The Accord on Fire and Building Safety in Bangladesh (2013)
§ 5.05 Table – Accord 2013 version
§ 5.06 Accord 2018 version
§ 5.07 Table – Accord 2018 version
§ 5.08 Quarterly aggregate report (January 1, 2021)
§ 5.09 The Alliance for Bangladesh Worker Safety (2013)
§ 5.10 Table – Alliance 2013 version
§ 5.11 Alliance for Bangladesh Worker Safety Fifth Annual Report (November 2018)
§ 5.12 Comparison of the Accord and the Alliance
§ 5.13 The International Accord for Health and Safety in the Textile and Garment Industry
§ 5.14 Table – International Accord (2021)
§ 5.15 Comparison of the Accord (2018) and the new International Accord
§ 5.16 The future for Bangladeshi workers of suppliers who contract with Canadian companies
§ 5.17 Case study conclusion

Chapter 6: Mandatory Human Rights Due Diligence
§ 6.01 From the Ruggie Report to mandatory human rights due diligence (“mHRDD”)
§ 6.02 mHRDD to mHREDD
§ 6.03 What is beyond mHRDD?

Chapter 7: Case Study on the Hudson’s Bay Company
§ 7.01 Introduction
§ 7.02 Background
§ 7.03 History of the HBC
§ 7.04 The company as parent and the company as subsidiary
§ 7.05 Codes of conduct
§ 7.06 The 13 different articles within the model code
§ 7.07 Case study conclusion

Chapter 8: Conclusion
§ 8.01 Fiduciary duties
§ 8.02 Transnational governance as another aspect for workers’ interests
§ 8.03 The corporation and developing countries
§ 8.04 First avenue for future research: What is aspirational versus achievable?
§ 8.05 Next avenue for future research: Corporate law in time and space
§ 8.06 Business ethics
§ 8.07 Transition to weather and work